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http://www.wunrn.com

 

http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/violence/9789241564625/en/index.html

 

GLOBAL & REGIONAL ESTIMATES OF THE PREVALENCE & HEALTH EFFECTS OF INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE & NON-PARTNER SEXUAL VIOLENCE

 

"This report presents the first global systematic review of scientific data on the prevalence of two forms of violence against women: violence by an intimate partner (intimate partner violence) and sexual violence by someone other than a partner (non-partner sexual violence)."

Authors:
WHO, Department of Reproductive Health and Research

Front cover

Publication details

Number of pages: 51
Publication date: 2013
Languages: English

The report, developed by the World Health Organization, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the South African Medical Research Council, presents the first global systematic review of scientific data on the prevalence of two forms of violence against women: violence by an intimate partner (intimate partner violence) and sexual violence by someone other than a partner (non-partner sexual violence).

It shows, for the first time, global and regional estimates of the prevalence of these two forms of violence, using data from around the world. Previous reporting on violence against women has not differentiated between partner- and non-partner violence.

The report details the effects of partner and non-partner sexual violence on several aspects of womenís health. It shows that women who have experienced intimate partner violence have higher rates of depression, HIV, injury and death, and are more likely to have low birth weight babies, than those who havenít. Though research on the health effects of non-partner sexual violence is more limited, the evidence clearly shows that sexual violence has both long- and short-term debilitating effects on womenís mental health and well-being.

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http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-22975103

VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN WORLDWIDE IS "EPIDEMIC"

20 June 2013More than one in three women worldwide have experienced physical or sexual violence, a report by the World Health Organization and other groups says.

It says 38% of all women murdered were killed by their partners, and such violence is a major contributor to depression and other health problems.

WHO head Margaret Chan said violence against women was "a global health problem of epidemic proportions".

The study also calls for toleration of such attacks worldwide to be halted.

And it says new guidelines must be adopted by health officials around the world to prevent the abuse and offer better protection to victims.

'Fear of stigma'

The report on partner and non-partner violence against women was released by the WHO, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) and the South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC).

Its authors say it is the first systematic study of global data, detailing the impact of the abuse on both the physical and mental health of women and girls.

The key findings are:

"This new data shows that violence against women is extremely common," said report co-author Prof Charlotte Watts from the LSHTM.

"We urgently need to invest in prevention to address the underlying causes of this global women's health problem."

The document adds that "fear of stigma" prevents many women from reporting sexual violence.

It stresses that health officials around the world need to take the issue "more seriously", providing better training for health workers in recognising when women may be at risk of violence and ensuring an appropriate response.

The WHO says it will start implementing new guidelines together with other organisations at the end of June.

Women who have suffered violence from a partner (%)

WHO region

Prevalence

Source: WHO, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, South African Medical Research Council

Low and middle-income regions

AFRICA (Botswana, Cameroon, DR Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe)

36.6%

AMERICAS (Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Bolivia)

29.8%

EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Palestinian territories)

37.0%

EUROPE (Albania, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Lithuania, Rep of Moldova, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Turkey, Ukraine)

25.4%

SOUTH-EAST ASIA (Bangladesh, East Timor, India, Burma, Sri Lanka, Thailand)

37.7%

WESTERN PACIFIC (Cambodia, China, Philippines, Samoa, Vietnam)

24.6%

High income(Australia, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, US)

23.2%