The UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) is the body of independent experts that monitors implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights by its States parties.
Full Text: Concluding observations
on the second periodic report of the Islamic
Justice for Iran, May 27, 2013 | The United Nations
Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights has released its Concluding
Observations on Iran’s implementation of the International Covenant on
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The Committee expresses serious concern
about a wide range of pressing substantive human rights abuses faced by women,
children, Baha’is, workers and trade unionists, members of ethnic minorities,
including the Kurds, Ahwazi Arabs, Azeris, and Baluch, Afghan refugees and
migrants, and members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community.
-Lift all restrictions on access to university education, including bans on female and male enrollment, limited quotas for women in certain fields, as well as gender segregation in classrooms and facilities
- Criminalize domestic violence, including marital rape
- Remove the power of a spouse to prohibit the other spouse from entering employment
-Raise the minimum age of marriage to 18 years for both boys and girls
-Address the high drop-out rate of girls in rural areas as well as of Ahwazi Arab children
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Persons
- Repeal all legislation that results in discrimination, prosecution and punishment of people because of their sexual orientation or gender identity
- Combat and prevent discrimination and societal stigma against members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community, and ensure their enjoyment of all the rights enshrined in the Covenant, including unhindered access to employment, social services, health care, and education
Afghan Refugees and Migrants
- Ensure that refugee children have access to free primary education, regardless of whether their parents have registered with the authorities
-Take immediate steps, inter alia by increasing budgetary allocations, to improve housing and living conditions in regions traditionally inhabited by ethnic minorities, including access to safe drinking water, adequate sanitation, electricity, transportation facilities, schools and healthcare centres
- Ensure that ethnic minorities have the opportunity to receive education in their mother tongue, in addition to Farsi.
- Ensure the full and unrestricted enjoyment by ethnic minorities, including the Kurds, Arabs, Azeris, and Baluch, to their right to take part in cultural life, including through the protection of publications and newspapers in minority language from imposed closure.
The Committee has put more than 30 recommendations in front of the Iranian
government. “These observations and recommendations point to serious gaps in
people’s enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights in
This was the Committee’s first review of