TAJIKISTAN - DISABLED GIRLS' EXCLUSION & DISCRIMINATION
As of December 12, 2013, Tajikistan HAS NOT ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: http://www.un.org/disabilities/convention/conventionfull.shtml
1. States Parties shall take all necessary measures to ensure the full
enjoyment by children with disabilities of all human rights and fundamental
freedoms on an equal basis with other children.
2. In all actions concerning children with disabilities, the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration.
3. States Parties shall ensure that children with disabilities have the right to express their views freely on all matters affecting them, their views being given due weight in accordance with their age and maturity, on an equal basis with other children, and to be provided with disability and age-appropriate assistance to realize that right.
TAJIKISTAN ACCESSION TO THE UN CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD:
26 Oct 1993 a
UN CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
1. States Parties recognize that a mentally or physically disabled child should enjoy a full and decent life, in conditions which ensure dignity, promote self-reliance and facilitate the child's active participation in the community.
2. States Parties recognize the right of the disabled child to special care and shall encourage and ensure the extension, subject to available resources, to the eligible child and those responsible for his or her care, of assistance for which application is made and which is appropriate to the child's condition and to the circumstances of the parents or others caring for the child.
3. Recognizing the special needs of a disabled child, assistance extended in accordance with paragraph 2 of the present article shall be provided free of charge, whenever possible, taking into account the financial resources of the parents or others caring for the child, and shall be designed to ensure that the disabled child has effective access to and receives education, training, health care services, rehabilitation services, preparation for employment and recreation opportunities in a manner conducive to the child's achieving the fullest possible social integration and individual development, including his or her cultural and spiritual development
4. States Parties shall promote, in the spirit of international cooperation, the exchange of appropriate information in the field of preventive health care and of medical, psychological and functional treatment of disabled children, including dissemination of and access to information concerning methods of rehabilitation, education and vocational services, with the aim of enabling States Parties to improve their capabilities and skills and to widen their experience in these areas. In this regard, particular account shall be taken of the needs of developing countries.
Institute for War & Peace Reporting
DISABLED GIRLS EXCLUDED IN TAJIKISTAN
When Nigina Ikromova goes out and about in her wheelchair in the Tajik capital Dushanbe, she is irritated by the reactions she gets from people in the street.
“They just see the disability and offer me one somoni or five somonis [20 cents or one US dollar],” she said. “When you don’t need it, it’s annoying. I tell them I don’t need their money.”
Ikromova has a university degree, and now works with disabled people and their families.
She is the exception, though. Experts say women with disabilities in Tajikistan have limited opportunities because of widespread social prejudices, and have a much tougher time than their male counterparts.
“When a girl is born with a disability, they don’t even show her to anyone, they don’t say anything. Generally only the immediate relatives know about it,” Galina Yunusova of the Ishtirok NGO said. “She ends up shut away at home. She doesn’t go anywhere or see anyone, and just does household chores. So she has no chance of marrying… let alone getting an education.”
As well as concerns about disabled girls in particular, Tajikistan has a long way to go in terms of providing disability access in public spaces, and shifting the focus of policy to keeping disabled children with their families rather than placing them in institutions. Experts say addressing these challenges will become easier if Tajikistan ratifies the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
Link to Full 2-Page Document on Children/Girls with Disabilities in Tajikistan: