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III. Report on violence against women with disabilities


A. Background


12. Women with disabilities make up a significant part of the worlds population. According to the 2011 World Report on Disability of the World Health Organization and World Bank, it is estimated that approximately 15 per cent of the worlds population lives with some form of disability. The disability level threshold indicates that the male disability prevalence rate is 12 and the female 19.2. Based on such figures, it is clear that women with disabilities constitute a significant portion of the global population. Despite the evolution of normative frameworks concerning both the human rights of women and of persons with disabilities, the impact of the combined effects of both gender and disability have not gained sufficient attention, and violence against women with disabilities remains largely unaddressed.


13. The 2011 report to the Human Rights Council of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences (A/HRC/17/26) focused on the multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination that contribute to and exacerbate violence against women, noting that factors such as ability, age, access to resources, race/ethnicity, language, religion, sexual orientation and gender identity and class can exacerbate the violence women experience. Although women with disabilities experience many of the same forms of violence that all women experience when gender, disability and other factors intersect the violence against them takes on unique forms, has unique causes and results in unique consequences.


14. In recent years, the experiences of women with disabilities have become somewhat more visible. An analysis of the intersection between the provisions of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, along with various United Nations resolutions and policy statements on human rights, womens rights and the rights of persons with disabilities, demonstrates the synergy that exists to foster changes in law, policy and practice in order to ensure the inclusion of women with disabilities in understanding and responding to violence against women.


15. In its resolution 17/11, the Human Rights Council requested OHCHR to prepare a thematic analytical study on the issue of violence against women and girls and disability in consultation, inter alia, with the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences. The resulting report (A/HRC/20/5 and Corr.1) was based on the submissions received from Member States, United Nations agencies and programmes, national human rights institutions and non-governmental organizations.


16. The present report aims to deepen the findings of the OHCHR study and further examine the manifestations, causes and consequences of violence against women with disabilities. In addition, the report briefly examines relevant international and regional legal frameworks and provides recommendations.