UN Refugee Agency - UNHCR




The majority of IDPs - Internally Displaced Persons - in Somalia live in extremely congested settlements, on privately owned land, without water and sanitation facilities. They are frequently subjected to abuse and exploitation.


SOMALIA - 2012


Total Somali's Internally Displaced: 1, 500,000

Those Somali IDP's Served by UNHCR - 600,000


There are also asylum seekers and refugees in Somalia from other countries as Ethiopia.



Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre - IDMC

News Alert - February 20, 2012


Somalia: New Displacement and Increasing Humanitarian and Protection Concerns

According to the BBC, on 15 February Somali government forces and their African Union allies launched an offensive on Afgooye town near Mogadishu to flush out Al-Shabaab fighters. The town is home to the biggest concentration of IDPs in Somalia, with an estimated 400,000 people living in shanty dwellings. The shelling of the town forced IDPs who had sought refuge in Afgoye since 2007 to flee back to Mogadishu, fearing for their lives.

Fighting also reportedly broke out on 8 February in the north between forces of the self-proclaimed Republic of Somaliland and clan militias loyal to the newly-created Khatumo State, which is on a disputed area between Somaliland and the self-declared autonomous region of Puntland. An estimated 6,000 people took refuge in nearby villages; the IDPs are in urgent need of shelter and food assistance.

Meanwhile, growing insecurity in South Galkayo in central Somalia has forced aid agencies to withdraw, with serious implications for an estimated 60,000 IDPs who are facing shortages of food, shelter and medical help. IDPs in camps in Somaliland are also facing growing threats to their safety and integrity, due to an increase in the number of rape cases and domestic violence incidents.