GAATW - Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women




GAATW Website Reference - An urgent need for a victim-centered monitoring mechanism to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UNTOC) to combat human trafficking



Joint written statement submitted by Amnesty International a non-governmental organization with special consultative status, the Global Alliance against Traffic in Women (GAATW) and Franciscans International (FI) non-governmental organizations with special consultative status.


Via GAATW E-Bulletin




We urge States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime and the protocols thereto (UNTOC) to establish an inclusive and transparent mechanism to monitor States implementation of the Convention.


UNTOC came into force in 2000. Administered by the UN Office for Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the Convention is the main international instrument in the fight against transnational organized crime. In 2008, States acknowledged that without an effective monitoring mechanism it was difficult to measure the effectiveness of UNTOC, its objectives and state compliance.  Since this time, steps have been taken to explore possible mechanisms to monitor the implementation of UNTOC. This discussion will reach a critical point at the UNTOC Conference of Parties in October 2010 when States will decide whether to establish a monitoring mechanism and if so what form it should take. We are calling on States Parties who have signed or ratified UNTOC to work for an effective, inclusive and transparent monitoring mechanism to UNTOC.


There are five key features we would like to see included in any mechanism:


1. An Independent Expert Monitoring Body

Comprised of non-governmental experts, selected for their knowledge of the areas covered by UNTOC and to ensure geographical spread:

1.          To collect, collate and analyse data on the implementation of UNTOC in countries being reviewed which would form the basis of country reports including conclusions and recommendations for follow up;

2.      To assist in the follow up process by assessing States’ progress in meeting recommendations and making further suggestions on the basis of such assessment.


2. Integration of a Broad Evidence Base

Current and former victims of crimes covered by UNTOC, their service providers and advocates have valuable knowledge about Convention implementation and impact, making them essential contributors to any monitoring process:

1.          Consultation should take place during the preparation of the country self-assessment report;

2.         Civil society organisations should also be invited to make individual submissions to the mechanism;

3.      A broad range of stakeholders, including victims and former victims, multiple government agencies and civil society, should be consulted by the Independent Expert Monitoring Body.


3. Thematic review including a wide range of data sources

Data must be collected both on the extent to which states are implementing UNTOC and how effectively implementation is meeting the overall aims of the Convention:

4.         UNTOC and its Protocols must be monitored by one single mechanism on a thematic rather than article-by-article basis;

5.         A wide range of data sources including reports from relevant IGOs, INGOs, NGOs, think tanks and academic bodies should be consulted by the Independent Expert Monitoring Group. 

4. Comprehensive and transparent reporting and follow-up mechanisms

An effective follow up mechanism must be developed:

6.        The Independent Expert Monitoring Group should analyse country data and make recommendations (including detailed indicators for meeting recommendations) for each state under review. In doing so, information provided by all relevant stakeholders must be considered;

7.         All reports, including recommendations, should be published on the UNODC website and made available to all stakeholders so that they can assist in the follow up process;

8.      Periodic reports by States to the Independent Expert Monitoring Group will outline their progress in meeting the recommendations.


5. Assured funding

1.          All aspects of the mechanism, including country visits, must be funded through the UN regular budget.