Trafficking in Human Beings

Cover Trafficking in Human Beings


Bibliographic Details: DCAF, 2007.
Series: Backgrounder

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A trafficked person is someone who is transferred across borders or within a state for the purposes of slavery or servitude. The crime of trafficking is generally characterised by three elements:

the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or reception of persons;

the threat or use of force or various forms of non-violent coercion such as fraud or deception;

exploitation, predominantly for forced labour in the construction, agriculture and domestic sectors as well as for begging, prostitution and various forms of sexual exploitation.

It is the exploitative purpose that is at the core of trafficking and distinguishes it from other crimes.


Table of Contents

What is a trafficked person?

Why can it be difficult to identify a trafficked person?

How and why does trafficking occur?

Why is this issue important?

What are the links between trafficking and organised crime?

How is the problem of trafficking being addressed?

What are the main challenges?

What are the regional and international instruments?


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